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The unique architectural ensemble of Svobody Square is well-known far beyond Ukraine. It was created in the 1920–1930s, a period which became a turning point in the history of Kharkiv town planning. On the one hand, this was caused by a lack of housing in the city as a result of the years of revolution and Civil War when practically nothing was being constructed, while Kharkiv received the status of a republic capital at that time. On the other hand, the atmosphere of a new state itself — free and joyful, rough and alarming — forced many people to change their habitual attitude to everything, including architecture. For example, the style of Constructivism became the most widely-spread at that time. Such buildings can be easily recognised: they are marked out through their extremely strict, simple forms, as well as solidity of exterior outlook. These buildings were designed with respect to their functional purpose, their form strongly depending on the construction blocks’ geometry. This style enjoyed much wider occurrence in the capital city of Kharkiv than in other cities of the former Soviet Union. It is not by chance that people call Kharkiv the capital of Constructivism. The high mark of this style is considered to be the building of Derzhprom and the entire architectural ensemble of Svobody Square.

It took quite a long time to select the site for the construction of “the buildings of the future”. Finally a decision was taken to choose an area to the North-West of Sumska Street. In the early 20th century it was the site for clinics and educational buildings of the University Medical Department, behind which the waste ground began. The planning of the new area was based on the idea of architect V. Trotsenko.

The form of Svobody Square is rather unusual: it consists of a square part facing Sumska Street and a round one circled by Pravdy Avenue, Chichibabina Street, Danilevskogo Street and Kultury Street. They are crossed by Lenina Avenue, Galana Street, Romen Rollan Street, Henry Barbusse Street and Passionarii Uzviz which connects Svobody Square with Klochkivska Street.